JavaScript Refresh – How To Reload A Page In JavaScript

The JavaScript programming language is one of the most popular languages in use today. It’s used for everything from creating interactive games to building user interfaces and websites. 

The window object has a method called location() which can be used to reload pages on your web browser, desktop or mobile device. In this article we’ll see how you can use it to create an auto-reloading page for your website visitors!

javascript refresh


The location.reload() method in JavaScript is used to refresh the contents of a window or frame. This can be used to reload a page, update a frame, or simply to refresh the contents of a div. This is useful when the page has changed and you want to make sure that the user is seeing the most up-to-date version.

In order to use the reload method, you must first have a reference to the window object. you can then call the reload method on that object. 

How Does JavaScript Refresh Work

When the reload method is called, the browser will reload the page from the server. This means that all of the cached files will be downloaded again, and any changes that have been made to the HTML or CSS will be applied. The reload method can be called in several ways, including by clicking on the Refresh button in the browser toolbar, by pressing the F5 key, or by calling the location.reload method.

All of these methods will trigger a full page refresh. In some cases (in browsers like firefox), it may be necessary to force a reload by adding a cache-busting parameter to the URL. This ensures that the latest version of the page is always loaded, and is particularly important when you are making changes to the page.

You can also use the location.reload() method to reload frames or child windows. For example, if you have a frame on your page that is being updated independently, you can use this method to reload it automatically.

The location.reload() method can also be used to refresh the contents of a div. This is useful when you want to show the user new content without having to reload the entire page.

You can also use the reload method to reload pages on mobile devices. For example, if you are using a web browser app on your phone or tablet, you can use this method to reload the page without having to exit and reopen the app.

The location.reload() method is a powerful tool that can be used to keep your website content up-to-date. It’s easy to use and can be called from within your JavaScript code in a variety of ways. Be sure to check out the rest of the article!





Firefox supports an additional Boolean parameter called force which, if set to true, will reload the page even if it is already in the cache. Chrome does not support this parameter, and never has. But, some version of Netscape Navigator  (4 and earlier) did support it. So, you can see a lot of code online which has the parameter passed as true.

Return Value



Here’s an example of how you could use the reload method:


var myWindow = window;



In this example, we create a reference to the window object and then call the reload method. This will refresh the contents of the window, including any frames or child windows that are open.

Here’s an example of how you can use the location.reload() method to refresh a frame:

<iframe src=”frame.html”></iframe>


window.onload = function(){

if (window.frames.length > 0){

var frame = window.frames[“frame”];





Here’s an example of how to refresh a div on click –  this

will show new content without having to reload the entire page:

<div id=”newcontent”>

This is some new content!



var myDiv = document.getElementById(“newcontent”);

myDiv.onclick = function() {

myDiv.innerHTML = “”;




In this example, we create a reference to the div and then set an onclick event handler. This handler will clear the contents of the div and then reload the page using the reload method.

The location reload() method is used to refresh in-memory web pages without having to do a full page reload from the server, which is useful for certain types of dynamic content such as Ajax updates or chat applications where only certain parts of the page need to be refreshed.

Browser Compatibility

Supported in all modern browsers – Chrome, IE, Edge, Firefox, Safari, Opera.

Different Ways To Reload A Web Page Using windows.reload() Method

1. Reload On Click Of A Button

This is the most common way to reload a web page. You simply create a button and use the onclick event handler to reload the page. Here’s an example:

<input type=”button” value=”Reload Web Page” onClick=”document.location.reload(true)”>

<p>Click the above button to refresh the page.</p>

2. Reload Page Automatically Every Few Seconds

You can also set up your page to reload automatically every few seconds. This is useful for pages that are constantly updating, such as a live chat application or a stock ticker. To do this, you use the setTimeout method to call the reload() method every few seconds. Here’s an example:


var interval = 3000; // reload the page every 3 seconds

function reloadPage(){



setTimeout(reloadPage, interval); // call reloadPage every 3000 milliseconds (3 seconds)


3. Reload Page When A Link Is Clicked

You can also reload the page when a link is clicked. For example:


function refreshAfter(timeOut) {




<p><a href=”javascript:refreshAfter(2000)”>Refresh this page after 2 seconds</a></p>

This will reload the page after 2 seconds when the user clicks on the link.

4.Reload After Confirming With The User


function confirm() {

var refresh= confirm(“Do you really want to refresh the page?”);

if (refresh)






<p><a href=”javascript:confirm();”>Refresh Page</a></p>

This will reload the page after 1 second when the user clicks on the link, but first it will ask for confirmation.

DOM Exception When Doing JavaScript Refresh Using location.reload() Method

The user may be blocked from reloading the page, resulting in a SECURITY_ERROR DOMException. If the origin of the script that calls location.reload() differs from the origin of the page that owns the Location object, this will occur. For more information, see Same-origin policy.


In this article, we’ve looked at how to reload a page in JavaScript. We’ve seen different ways to do it,  including using the window.location.reload() method, the setTimeout method, and the onclick event handler. We’ve also looked at some of the browser compatibility issues.

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